The Road to Execution
An analytical report on violations of fair trial guarantees in 10 cases of a political nature which upheld the death sentence verdict in 2018
In the years following July 2013 the judicial authorities began to issue death sentences excessively in cases where civilians were tried before military courts or before extraordinary chambers such as terrorism tribunals in civil courts. During this period, the authorities carried out executions in 13 cases involving acts of political violence, eight of which were before military courts and five cases before civil courts, the last of which was the executing of nine persons in the case commonly known as “the assassination of the Attorney General” which was widely condemned on local and international levels, raising the number of executed persons in more than five years ago to at least 47 people. In which the defendants faced – with the rest of convicts in these cases – gross violations, breaching the most basic standards of fair trial, which must be met, especially in the death penalty cases.
This report is divided in two main sections; The first section highlights the data of execution cases in 2018, the ones which have been carried out, and the ones which have exhausted judicial proceedings, and the ones where the death sentence was issued as a preliminary ruling, all of which according to the Egyptian Front’s monitoring of the death penalty during the year. While the second section highlights the most prominent violations the defendants were subjected to in 10 cases of execution in 2018. As most of the defendants encountered violations, the most conspicuous of which were enforced disappearances, physical and moral coercions to extort confessions, absence of lawyers in preliminary interrogation sessions, ignoring and delaying referral to forensics and lastly poor conditions in prisons.
The report based its monitoring of the death penalty data in 2018 on; various media and correspondence with lawyers. While it relied its analysis of violations against the defendants on the analysis of official records of the 10 cases where the defendants were preliminary sentenced to death during 2018, which are currently pending before the Court of Cassation or Military appeals.