Winter of forcibly disappeared women in Egypt

A report to document human rights violations committed against 12 women detained pending investigations in the case no. 277 National Security for the year 2019 known in the media as “Allahomma Thawra”.

The case no. 277 for the year 2019 National Security, known in the media as Allahomma Thawra, began January 2019 in parallel with the fifth memory of the 25th of January revolution. The case includes 54 defendants, 13 of whom are girls and women from Cairo, Giza, Sharkeya, Alexandria, and Qalyobya governorates. These women were subjected to enforced disappearance for up to four months and then appeared before National Security prosecution in January 2019.

National security prosecution accused the defendants of joining and funding a terrorist group called “Allahomma Thawra” and using social media platforms to disseminate terrorist ideas. According to Ministry of Interior, defendants have established an online entity under the name of “Allahomma thawra” to carry out their terrorist plans in order to incite chaos in the country. MOI claims that this entity includes Muslim Brotherhood members and receives funds from foreign bodies. However, MOI didn’t indicate the nature of the alleged terrorist plans nor identified individuals and foreign entities that fund this plan.

This report aims to monitor and document violations inflicted upon the12 women pending investigations in this case by following up the events of the case with their lawyers. The names of these women are as follows; Nada Adel Mohamed Mohamed Morsi, Iman Hanafy Ahmed, Nevine Refaay Ahmed Refay, Ayatallah Ashraf Mohamed elSayed, Heba Mostafa Abd elHameed, Hend Mohamed Talaat Khalil, Abeer Nady Abdullah Mostafa, Zeinab Mohamed Mohamed Hussein, Fatma Gamal, Mai Yehia Azzam, Shaymaa Hassan.

The events of the case indicate that these women case subjected to prolonged enforced disappearance where they were tortured and treated with cruelty. They were also deprived from their right to legal representation and were interrogated in absence of their lawyers. This indicates a new level of punishment that dissent face in Egypt where rights are violated as well as standards of fair trial.

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